The great Iraqi Arab Poetess Nazik Al-Malaikah (Angels)
Identity Card: The Arab Iraqi poetess, Nazik Al-Malaikah was born in Baghdad on 23 August 1923. She was brought up in a family full of culture and literature.
Her mother was the poetess, Salma Abdul Razzah (Umm Nizar), her father was man of letters and a researcher, Sadek Al-Malaikah. She spent her youth at home with her family in an atmosphere of culture and literature. She left Iraq in the late fifties, after a series of coup d’etats at the time.
Nazik Al-Malaikah wrote a number of famous poems, important critiques, stories and her autobiography. The High Council of Culture recently published her complete works in Cairo.
After finishing secondary schooling, she joined the High Teachers College, from which she graduated in 1944 with honours. In 1950 she left for the United States where she studied the English language and literature, in addition to Arabic literature to get her Master’s degree in the latter field.
Upon her return to Iraq, she became an assistant professor in the college of education. She masters the English, French, German, Latin in addition to the Arabic languages.
She got her Bachelor’s degree in the Arabic language from the High Teachers College in Baghdad, and her Master’s degree from Wisconsin University majoring in comparative literature.
She represented Iraq in the Arab Conference of Writers in 1965.
She published seven collections of poems (Diwan in Arabic). Her last diwan, The Sea Changes its Colors, was published several times.
Her full works were published in two volumes and have had several editions.
She also wrote the following books:
The Affairs of Modern Poetry
Separatism in the Arab Society
The Red Hermitage and Balcony
The Psychology of Poetry
Several research works and thesis’s for many Arab and foreign universities were written about her.
She published her first diwan “The Lover of the Night" in 1947. The Arab critic Maroun Abboud said: “Deep grievance was the common factor between all its poems, whereever we sail among its poems you see a funeral, and you don’t hear anything except crying and sometimes wailing and agony.”
She published her second diwan “Shrapnel and Ashes” in 1947. According to her, “A big wave of uproar took place about it.”